What’s the Best Camera for Underwater Photography?


Underwater photography is a unique blend of creativity, adventure, and technical prowess. To capture the ethereal beauty beneath the waves, you need a camera capable of handling the challenging aquatic environment. But with so many options out there, what’s the best camera for underwater photography? Let’s dive in!

Why Underwater Photography?

Underwater photography is more than just capturing stunning visuals of marine life or underwater landscapes. It’s a way to explore and document the world beneath the waves, a realm that remains largely unknown and unexplored. Whether you’re a tourist keen on snorkeling, a wildlife advocate, or among underwater photographers looking to expand your portfolio, this unique experience offers a world of opportunity.

Considerations When Buying an Underwater Camera

Before we dive into our top picks for the best underwater cameras, it’s essential to understand what to look for when buying one. Here are some useful tips to get you started: 

Durability and Waterproofing

Underwater equipment like the camera should withstand the pressure and conditions of underwater environments. Look for cameras that are explicitly designed to be waterproof and can handle the depths you plan to dive.

Image Quality

The ability to capture clear, high-quality images is crucial. Look for cameras with high resolution, good low-light performance, and a wide dynamic range. 

Ease of Use

Underwater photography can be challenging, especially for beginners. So, a camera that’s easy to use with intuitive controls and a good grip is a significant plus.


Your camera should perform well both underwater and on land. Some cameras are also adaptable, allowing the addition of external lenses or lights. A camera’s adaptability in various aquatic environments empowers photographers to document marine life, shipwrecks, and aquatic landscapes with precision and creativity. 

Breaking Down the Best Underwater Cameras

Now that we understand what to look for, let’s explore some of the best cameras for underwater photography.   

Best Camera for Underwater Photography Beginners: Olympus Tough TG-6

The Olympus Tough TG-6 is a fantastic entry-level choice for those new to underwater photography. This compact camera is robust, easy to use, and offers excellent image resolution, even in low-light conditions. With its 4X optical zoom and ability to capture RAW images, it provides beginners with plenty of room to grow their skills. It has also been lauded as the best waterproof camera by the New York Times. 

Best Budget Underwater Camera: Fujifilm FinePix XP140

For those on a budget, the Fujifilm FinePix XP140 is an excellent pick. Aside from the fact that it is waterproof, it is also shockproof and freeze-proof, making it a durable choice for adventurous photographers. Despite its budget-friendly price, this camera doesn’t compromise on image quality, offering 16.4 megapixels and a 5X optical zoom.

We’ll dive into more camera options in the next section, highlighting the best professional underwater cameras, the best one for snorkeling, and the best mirrorless camera for underwater photography.   

Best Professional Underwater Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

For those starting their professional underwater photography, this DSLR camera is worth the investment. This full frame camera features a 30.4 megapixel sensor, delivering exceptional image quality. Although it requires additional underwater housing for diving, its superior low-light performance and advanced autofocus system make it well worth the expense.  

Best Underwater Camera for Snorkeling: Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7

Snorkeling doesn’t take you as deep as scuba diving, but you still want a camera that can handle the water. The Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7 is built for this purpose with a waterproof rating down to 31 meters. It’s rugged, user-friendly, and features a 20.4-megapixel sensor for high image resolution.

Best Full Frame Mirrorless Camera for Underwater Photography: Sony a7R IV

The Sony a7R IV is a mirrorless powerhouse with a whopping 61 megapixels and excellent dynamic range. It’s not only lightweight but also offers superior performance as well. Although it requires an underwater housing, the image quality and versatility it provides are unrivaled.

Understanding the Professional Underwater Camera Price

Unrecognizable diver taking photo on equipment in aqua box
Underwater camera

Professional underwater cameras, especially DSLR and mirrorless models, often come with a higher price tag. This cost is due to their superior sensors, better low-light performance, advanced autofocus systems, and the ability to change lenses. Additionally, these cameras typically require an underwater housing, which is an extra cost but necessary for protecting your investment during dives.   

When considering the price, keep in mind that you’re investing in a device that can capture stunning underwater images, offer versatility in various shooting scenarios, and last for years with proper care.

Importance of an Underwater Camera Housing

Professional underwater camera
Professional underwater camera

Underwater camera housings are crucial for protecting your camera from the harsh underwater environment. They are designed to withstand pressure at great depths and keep your camera completely dry.

While some cameras come with built-in waterproofing, most professional-grade cameras require a separate housing. When choosing a housing, ensure it’s made specifically for your camera model and can withstand the depths you plan to dive.

Underwater Photography Tips

Underwater photography
Underwater photography

To help you get the most out of your underwater equipment, such as the camera, here are a few tips:

Get Close to Your Subject

Water can reduce the color, contrast, and sharpness of your photos. And so, the closer you are to your subject, the better your photos will be.

Master the Art of Buoyancy

Good buoyancy control not only keeps you safe underwater, but also helps you take high quality photos. With practice, you’ll be able to hover in one spot and take clear, focused shots.

Use Underwater Modes or Manual Settings

Many of these cameras come with built-in underwater modes that automatically adjust settings for underwater conditions. If you’re already a pro, you can go into full manual mode and spend the time learning how to properly utilize the camera’s features.

Underwater video lights

Underwater video lights are essential tools for capturing the mesmerizing beauty of the ocean’s depths. They illuminate aquatic scenes with a natural glow, revealing vibrant colors and intricate details. As a result, videographers create stunning underwater footage that captivates and inspires.

Practice Underwater Composition

Underwater photography composition can be different from land photography. Practice techniques like the “rule of thirds” and “leading lines” to create more engaging photos.

What is the best camera for underwater photography?

This depends on your needs, budget, and skill level. For beginners, a compact camera like the Olympus Tough TG-6 is a top recommendation. For professionals, the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV offers superior image resolution and performance.   

What is the best budget underwater camera?

The Fujifilm FinePix XP140 is one of the full frame cameras that is a fantastic budget-friendly option. It’s durable and offers excellent image quality for its price range.  

What is the best camera for underwater photography for beginners?

The Olympus Tough TG-6 is a great camera for beginners. It’s robust, easy to use, and provides excellent image quality.

How much does a professional underwater camera cost?

Professional cameras for underwater can range from a few hundred to several thousand dollars, depending on the brand, model, and features. Remember that you may also need to invest in an underwater housing, which can add to the overall cost.

What is the best underwater camera for snorkeling?

The Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7 is a top pick for snorkeling. It’s waterproof down to 31 meters and offers amazing image resolution.

Which is the best mirrorless camera for underwater photography?

Among the best mirrorless cameras, the Sony a7R IV is a standout choice. With a high-resolution sensor and excellent dynamic range, it’s perfect for underwater photography.

Explore More with WildVoice

At WildVoice, we’re passionate about connecting people with nature and fostering a deeper appreciation for our planet’s incredible wildlife. We offer a range of tours and activities designed to inspire, educate, and excite.

Whether you’re an underwater photographer or a wildlife enthusiast eager to experience nature up close, we have something for you.

From snorkeling adventures that introduce you to the vibrant underwater world to wildlife tours that bring you face-to-face with some of the planet’s most awe-inspiring creatures, our activities are designed to leave you with memories that will last a lifetime.

Interested in learning more? Visit our website to explore our offerings and book your next adventure.

We look forward to welcoming you into the WildVoice community and helping you discover the beauty and wonder of the natural world.

A Final Word

Underwater photography is a thrilling adventure that combines the excitement of diving with the creative satisfaction of capturing stunning images. It’s a unique form of artistic expression that allows us to share the beauty and mystery of an otherwise unseen world. However, the right equipment is crucial to achieving the best results.

Whether you’re a beginner or a pro, the cameras discussed in this article offer practical options for all skill levels and budgets. Remember that the “best” camera isn’t necessarily the most expensive or the one with the most features. It’s the one that fits your needs, your budget, and your skill level.

So, are you ready to dive in and start your underwater photography journey? We hope this guide has been helpful and has brought you a step closer to finding the perfect underwater camera. Happy diving and photographing!

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